The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source.
It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.
To provide clarity, we define the three areas as: Districtwide programs.
The emphasis of comprehensive district programs is on the variety of roles for parents and community members, particularly in schools with many educationally at-risk students.
The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic.
Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. A literature review is not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another.Try and avoid starting every paragraph with the name of a researcher or the title of the work.The items included in this review focused primarily on one or more of the three topic areas mentioned above.Other items were included if they addressed the overall context of parent and community involvement in grades four through eight or if they laid the foundation for further research or material development in any of the three topic areas. Schools are rarely organized around middle grades, i.e., Grades 4 through 8.Such comprehensive programs might use innovative methods of communicating with parents on various educational and child development issues; on recruiting community members as volunteers in new, meaningful ways; and on developing other ways to make the programs attractive to different kinds of parents and community members.Collaboration with businesses and community service agencies such as flextime for school conferences or other school-related activities may also be considered. At the building level, schools may change their practices and structure in significant ways to encourage more parent involvement with emphasis on school initiated activities to promote contacts with all parents. Parents can extend their children's school learning through home activities such as reading; assisting with homework; encouraging family games, activities, and discussions; and improving their own parenting skills.This summary review was prepared from the larger literature review prepared as one of the major tasks of this study (Rutherford, Billig & Kettering, 1993).Additionally, we conducted another search of the literature since 1993 and source materials from this search are included here.While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.It focuses on a of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work.