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Do the stronger elements of society scare the weak into submission in the name of law?
He meets these two challenges with a single solution: a definition of justice that appeals to human psychology, rather than to perceived behavior.
Next he argues that, though each of the three main character types—money-loving, honor-loving, and truth-loving—have their own conceptions of pleasure and of the corresponding good life—each choosing his own life as the most pleasant—only the philosopher can judge because only he has experienced all three types of pleasure.
The others should accept the philosopher’s judgement and conclude that the pleasures associated with the philosophical are most pleasant and thus that the just life is also most pleasant.
Only those whose minds are trained to grasp the Forms—the philosophers—can know anything at all.
In particular, what the philosophers must know in order to become able rulers is the Form of the Good—the source of all other Forms, and of knowledge, truth, and beauty.