Papers Research Stress Work

Papers Research Stress Work-36
Profound changes occurring in the economic, political, technological, and social landscape have transformed the world.And because the world has changed, also the world of work has changed (1).Work stress thus refers to the aspects of work design, organization, and management, and their social and organizational contexts, that have the potential to cause harm to employee health.

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The aim of this special issue of the In the first contribution to this issue, Kompier (1) concentrates on modern worklife.

He aims at identifying major changes in and around work organizations, their effects upon job characteristics and the health and well-being of today’s employees, and research challenges in this area.

At the same time, job and work security have decreased.

Moreover, work and family life have become blended.

It is now generally recognized that, as a result of these developments, work-related stress has become a major public health problem with serious consequences for the individual, companies, and society.

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Although the concept of stress is very popular, both in the academic world and in the everyday world, it has been difficult to agree on the exact scientific definition.The changes in worklife have also increased the flexibility and diversity of workhours.A review on the association between workhours and health in this issue (8) suggests that night work and shift work are related to a wide range of health effects, the evidence for the risk of cardiovascular morbidity being the strongest.To study the health aspects of stressful work characteristics, general theoretical work-stress models, like those for job strain (4) and effort–reward imbalance (5), have been developed and tested.Also in this issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment & Health, several papers (3, 6, 7, 8) have used these models and more-recent conceptualizations, such as organizational injustice, to explore the association between work stress and health.For effort–reward imbalance and organizational injustice, the excess risk was 58% and 62%, respectively.Kivimäki and his co-workers concluded that observational data suggest an average of 50% excess risk for CHD for employees with work stress.Long hours also pose health risks if exposure to adverse work conditions is prolonged and if health-related behavior is affected.The possibilities of workers’ influencing their workhours may enable them to adjust their workhours to the demands at work and also to the demands of their private lives.He emphasizes the following four developments: increased internationalization and competition, increased utilization of information and communication technology, the changing configuration of the workforce, and flexibility and new organizational practices.He concludes that new systems of work organization have become more prevalent, but do no not represent a radical change across the whole economy, and that their effects (good or bad) depend on their design, implementation, and management.

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