Some of his paintings were considered controversial by contemporary audiences.
Founded in 1929, the Museum of Modern Art, known as Mo MA, has a collection that includes examples of modern art from the late 19th century to the present day.
At the same time, practically-oriented and specific study programs that serve working life, for example curatorial studies, have become more general and increased in numbers within universities.
Amongst these developments there have also appeared changes in methodologies and theoretical apparatus.
For example, Gustave Courbet was a French painter best known as one of the founders of the Realism movement during the 19th century.