Treaty of 1818 By 1823, almost all Latin American colonies of Spain and Portugal had achieved, or were at the point of gaining, independence from the Portuguese and Spanish Empires.
James Monroe told the ambassadors to these new countries to declare that .
Although many people remembered the War of 1812 as a success, it was in a very real sense a failure, and perhaps this is why it attracts so little attention today.
The obscurity of this war, however, should not blind us to its significance, for it was an important turning point, a great watershed, in the history of the young republic.
It was the second and last time that America was the underdog in a war and the second and last time that the nation tried to conquer Canada.
It was also the last time that Indians played a major role in determining the future of the continent.
Although most Americans pretended they had won the war – even calling it a "Second War of Independence"–they could point to few concrete gains – certainly none in the peace treaty – to sustain this claim.
It is this lack of success that may best explain why the war is so little remembered.
In this sense, the War of 1812 was the last of the North American colonial wars.
The war was unusual in generating such vehement political opposition and nearly unique in ending in a stalemate on the battlefield.