The sections below cover how to present your terminology, equations, tables and figures, measurements, and statistics consistently based on the conventions of scientific writing. Generally, short forms can be used once the full term has been introduced: One way to ensure consistency is to use standard scientific terminology.
You can refer to the following resources, but if you're not sure which guidelines are preferred, check with your target journal. versus Figure 2: taxonomy of paper keywords Although every journal has slightly different formatting guidelines, most agree that the gold standard for units of measurement is the International System of Units (SI). Here are some other tips for formatting units of measurement: When presenting statistical information, you must provide enough specific information to accurately describe the relationships among your data.
Follow your style guide; if no guidelines are provided, choose a citation format and be consistent.
FORMATTING TIPS: In this optional section, you can present nonessential information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the paper.
Resolve the hypothesis and/or research question you identified in the introduction.
FORMATTING TIPS: Write a brief paragraph giving credit to any institution responsible for funding the study (e.g., through a fellowship or grant) and any individual(s) who contributed to the manuscript (e.g., technical advisors or editors).
FORMATTING TIPS: Some journals require a statement attesting that your research is original and that you have no conflicts of interest (i.e., ulterior motives or ways in which you could benefit from the publication of your research).
This section only needs to be a sentence or two long.
Angel Borja, writing for Elsevier publications, described the statistical rules for article formatting as follows: Remember, you must be prepared to justify your findings and conclusions, and one of the best ways to do this is through factual accuracy and the acknowledgment of opposing interpretations, data, and/or points of view.
Even though you may not look forward to the process of formatting your research paper, it's important to present your findings clearly, consistently, and professionally.