Research Reports Use IMRD to Manage Real Estate, Following an Idealized Scientific Method A review paper is a different beast altogether.
A Review paper looks at solely published reports to explain what is happening in an area of research as a whole.
Although it does not present the writer’s new discoveries, it does reflect his or her painstaking review of the literature in a defined field.
Moreover, a good review not only summarizes information but also provides interpretative analysis and sometimes a historical perspective.
Reviews may vary in aims, scope, length, and format, but they all include a relatively lengthy reference section.
Journal editors sometimes invite prominent experts to write reviews of their particular fields, since the ability to give an audience an authoritative overview of a subject usually develops with experience.
It’s one of those “forest and tree” situations: in a research report, the scientists are examining a tree; in a review paper, the scientist is looking at the forest. The images below this one show a typical Review Introduction in medicine.
It is brief and leads the reader quickly to where the information in the paper happens: the body.
Whether solicited or unsolicited, review papers still must conform to journal specifications, and their author receive feedback from editors and reviewers before final publication.
In science, the review writer tries to understand what is happening across an area research, to discover patterns among the individual pieces of research that experimental researchers may or may not be aware of.