Prior to this, successive numbered treaties were made in the later 1800s with First Nations in all the other provinces except British Columbia.
A good example of First Nations' GIS in action is the employment of significant maps to establish aboriginal title to respective traditional territories.
This philosophy is ideally the foundation for the critical thinking process in developing their spatial information solutions.
These concepts have transcended from concepts of origins and the placement within the universe and a respective geographical region.
However, today is an ever unfolding complex story whereby the U. tribes are applying the spatial and spectral technologies toward cultural and natural resource planning, community planning and infrastructure, monitoring environmental change, managing urban sprawl, treaty and rights protections, and integrating traditional ecological knowledge into the tribal decision making process—one can say "all the spatial information applications for a sovereign nation In Canada there is no trust responsibility initiative to provide digital base data for First Nations. Without direct federal financial support and digital databases to support First Nations, Canadian aboriginal communities have had to hone an internal fortitude to succeed.
A good example of perseverance and success is Six Nations' Geo-Systems of Ontario.
The data beyond their own includes private industry and provincial and federal ministries.
Particular progressive First Nations have developed seamless data sets within their traditional territories that supersede what anyone else had done.
This first issue profiles only a few of the unique endeavors of the North American aboriginal people.
These activities are very meaningful examples of how Native people are embracingthe spatial information technologies.