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Mangroves are one of the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play an essential role to ecological balance and community livelihoods.
These schemes and programmes specifically aim at generating additional gainful employment opportunities, creation of durable community assets and improvement of overall quality of life in the rural areas.
To improve the lot of landless labourers, the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) was launched in 1984.
UNICEF also bears the expenditure on the staff component for a period of six years.
The scheme has taken significant strides since its beginning in 1982.
The families eligible for help under the scheme are those where the annual family income is less than Rs. It also includes families of small and marginal farmers whose operational holding is less than 5 acres of land.
The final selection of these poor families is done through gram panchayats and gramsabhas. They are organised in groups foproductive activities.It seeks to guarantee employment to at least one person in a rural household living below the poverty line. Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, launched in April 1999, is a new scheme for rural development.The budget for the year 1995-96 was again a village- oriented one,’ in which many gifts were given to the rural masses.The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is an international financial institution and a specialized agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries. About 96% of India’s geographical area is covered by villages.According to the report of January-December 1989, about 20% of the old families crossed the poverty line of Rs. Nearly 34% of the assisted families belong to destitute and 46%, very poor groups.The major impact of the scheme is that it benefits the poorest and the most deprived sectors of the society.The programme guarantees employment to at least one member of every landless labour family up to 100 days in a year.The Jawahar Rozgar Yojana is an ambitious programme being implemented through the village panchayats.The scheme is being implemented through the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) and block level functionaries at the grass root levels.At the level of the state, there is a co-ordination committee headed by the chief secretary to look after its overall implementation.