Essay On Conservation Of Environment

Essay On Conservation Of Environment-85
Principle 1 of the Rio Declaration stated that ‘Human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development.They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature.’ Although this principle brought to the foreground the concept of sustainable development in the battle for environmental protection, it also recognized that human beings were the raison d’être for sustainable development and that they were entitled to a life in harmony with nature.

Principle 1 of the Rio Declaration stated that ‘Human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development.They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature.’ Although this principle brought to the foreground the concept of sustainable development in the battle for environmental protection, it also recognized that human beings were the raison d’être for sustainable development and that they were entitled to a life in harmony with nature.

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The human right to environment can be understood in two contexts: either as an independent right existing separately or as a part of other existing human rights.

Some of the major international instruments like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights preceded the groundswell of concern for the environment that has sprang up in the late sixties.

The Rio and Stockholm Declarations have only persuasive value.

Essay On Conservation Of Environment Thesis Sensor Interface Circuits

They are not binding on the states and serve only as indicators of their intentions.Where environmental degradation is absolutely necessary in order to satisfy other human rights such as a right to livelihood, then the right to environment should not be cited to block such degradation.Under such an approach, the human right to environment could be grouped under all three categories of human rights: civil and political rights; economic, social and cultural rights; and third generation rights.Apart from these international instruments, there are regional instruments which speak of the human right to environment.Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, which entered into force on Oct.Do these instruments signal the development and existence of a human right to environment?The Author seriously doubts the existence of such a right.21, 1986, specifically grants this right: ‘All peoples shall have the right to a general satisfactory environment favorable to their development.’ Article 11(1) of the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights states ‘Everyone shall have the right to live in a healthy environment and to have access to basic public services.’ There is mention of this right even in the International Court of Justice jurisprudence.Judge Weeramantri in Case concerning Gabcikovo Nagymaros Dam deliberated on it.Principle 1 of the Declaration of the UN Conference on the Human Environment stated that ‘Man has the fundamental right to freedom, equality and adequate conditions of life, in an environment of a quality that permits a life of dignity and well-being….’ Although many commentators were disappointed that the Stockholm Declaration did not expressly declare the existence of a new human right, yet this Declaration is in many ways the furthest the international community has come to recognize an independent human right to environment as it expressly declared that man was entitled to live his life in an environment of a quality that permitted a life of dignity and well being.The UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 further elaborated on this.

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