Bergson enjoyed the status of a cult figure in the years between World Wars.Although not a practicing Jew, Bergson refused the Vichy government's offers to excuse him from the scope of their anti-Semitic laws.Bergson studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure from 1877 to 1881.
In spite of his good intentions, his ideas were often high-flown and difficult to follow.
In his first major work, Time and Free Will (1889), Bergson aimed to show how pseudoproblems about the will and its freedom have arisen from a false phenomenology of mental states - essentially, a tendency to conceive and describe them in spatial terms.
In 1900, he became a professor at the Collège de France.
His lectures were highly popular, drawing students, academics, general public and tourists and, by 1911, students referred to the collège as "the house of Bergson." From 1914 until 1921, Édouard Le Roy functioned as Bergson's "permanent substitute" while the philosopher served on French diplomatic missions.
French philosopher who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1927.
Bergson argued that the intuition is deeper than the intellect.In his will, Bergson explained his position: My reflections have led me closer and closer to Catholicism, in which I see the complete fulfillment of Judaism.I would have become a convert, had I not foreseen for years a formidable wave of anti-Semitism about to break upon the world. For the last seventeen years of his life he had suffered from crippling arthritis.Bergson questioned the Darwinist theories that evolution occurs in great leaps or alternatively through the gradual accumulation of slight mutations and explained by élan vital the creative course of evolution.In 1914, all of Bergson's writings, but most especially Creative Evolution, were placed upon the list of books devout Catholics were forbidden to read.In its entirety, probably, it follows us at every instant; all that we have felt, thought and willed from our earliest infancy is there, leaning over the present which is about to join it, pressing against the portals of consciousness that would fain leave it outside.” (from Creative Evolution) Henri Bergson was born in Paris as the son of a prosperous Jewish musician from Poland and an Anglo-Irish mother.At the age of 17, he won an open prize for an original solution to a mathematical problem, and in the same year he solved a problem Pascal claimed to have solved but left unpublished.His concept of élan vital, "creative impulse" or "living energy," was developed in Creative Evolution, his most famous book.Élan vital is an immaterial force, whose existence cannot be scientifically verified, but it provides the vital impulse that continuously shapes all life.He is sometimes claimed to have anticipated features of relativity theory and modern scientific theories of the mind.“In reality, the past is preserved by itself automatically.