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A big sticking point with a lot of Malthus's critics is his religious beliefs and how they were incorporated into his theory.Despite these criticisms, the Malthusian theory of population growth has forever made an impact on the world.
Malthus's early writings were pamphlets that addressed economic and political issues of his time.
In opposition to the popular 18th century European view that society was constantly improving, he wrote about the dangers of excessive population growth.
For instance, proponents of neo-Malthusianism still focus on the dangers of unchecked population growth, but they disagree with Malthus's view of contraception.
They are also interested in discussing the impacts of war and environmental destruction on society.
For example, if every member of a family tree reproduces, the tree will continue to grow with each generation.
An Essay On The Principle Of Population Summary
On the other hand, food production increases arithmetically, so it only increases at given points in time.Known for his work on population growth, Thomas Robert Malthus argued that, left unchecked, a population will outgrow its resources.He discussed two ways to 'check' a population: preventive checks, like the moral restraint of postponing marriage, or positive checks, like famine, disease and warfare.Due to his beliefs, he favored moral restraint and didn't support the latter practices.Positive checks to population growth are things that may shorten the average lifespan, such as disease, warfare, famine, and poor living and working environments.In addition to dealing with political and economic relations with England and fragmentation of their land, the rapidly growing Irish population was running out of food.There are often other factors involved in events that could be labeled as Malthusian catastrophes, so many scholars take caution when providing modern examples.It can be seen in other writing and even in pop culture.Charles Darwin was impressed by Malthus's work and incorporated his ideas into his own theory of evolution.According to Malthus, eventually these positive checks would result in a Malthusian catastrophe (also sometimes called a Malthusian crisis), which is a forced return of a population to basic survival.The Irish potato famine of the 19th century has been considered a classic example of a Malthusian catastrophe.