In addition, the lesson plan material on Historic Bethlehem from the National Park Service provides a valuable resource for teachers (see links below).
In learning about Bethlehem, teachers might begin with a list of colonial jobs or tasks.
Individuals set up their own businesses to sell and trade independently of church (or state) restrictions.
This new opportunity created a strong independent entrepreneurial spirit among the Moravians and other colonial people.
The Moravians came to America primarily because America offered a great opportunity to spread God's word.
They believed their purpose was to become missionaries to the Indians and other German families who lived in Eastern Pennsylvania.
With its agricultural practices and applications of advance technologies, the Moravians at Bethlehem were able to achieve a higher standard of living than was available in Europe or in other parts of the colonies.
The success of Bethlehem was due to the blending and application of agriculture and industry.
These new opportunities to make money also created a new demand among Moravian tradesmen and craftsmen, who began to establish their own businesses.
Soon a new system of economics was established: market capitalism.